" In trouble to be troubled,
Is to have your trouble doubled.
Daniel Defoe

Back in the day


Battle of the Ice

The Teutonic Knights attacked the Republic of Novgorod in 1242 as part of their Northern Crusades, which were directed against pagans and Eastern Orthodox Christians rather than Muslims in the Holy Land. Waged on the frozen surface of Lake Peipus, which now sits on the border of Estonia and Russia, the Battle of the Ice proved disastrous for the knights. Though some historians consider the battle a major turning point in the Northern Crusades, others believe it was only a minor skirmish. Why?



"Jumping the Shark"

"Jumping the shark" is a colloquialism used by TV critics and fans to denote the point in a TV series at which the characters or plot veer into a ridiculous, out-of-the-ordinary storyline. Shows that have "jumped the shark" are typically deemed to have passed their peak and undergone too many changes to retain their original appeal. The term is an allusion to a scene in a 1977 episode of the TV series Happy Days, when the popular character Arthur "Fonzie" Fonzarelli does what?

Born on a day like today


Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher and political theorist whose famous 1651 book Leviathan established the foundation for most of Western political philosophy. In Leviathan, Hobbes argues that man is by nature a selfishly individualistic animal and advocates absolutist government as the only means of ensuring order and security. A lack of such authority, he postulated, would lead to bellum omnium contra omnes, which means what?

Last updated on Monday, 5th April 2010

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