Named after the host of the game show Let's Make a Deal, the Monty Hall problem is a probability puzzle that has a history of stumping even respected mathematicians. According to the problem, a game show contestant is asked to choose one of three doors. There is a car behind one and goats behind the other two. He picks door 1, but the host, who knows what is behind each door, opens door 3 to reveal a goat. He then asks the player if he wants to switch to door 2. Should the player switch?
Back in the day
Sometimes referred to as the "Lady of the House," Jeannette Rankin was the first woman to be elected to the US House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. Just days into her term, she drew the ire of the press by voting, along with 56 others, against the resolution to enter WWI. In 1940, Rankin was again elected to Congress and once again voted against entering a world war, thought this time she was the only Congress member to do so. What was the Jeanette Rankin Brigade?
Born on a day like today
Regarded not only as the founding father of both French and German monarchies but also as the father of Europe, Charlemagne was the Frankish king whose empire united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Romans. He reigned from 768 until his death in 814 and helped define Western Europe and the Middle Ages through his conquests, his reforms, and the Carolingian Renaissance which they inspired. Charles the Great, as he is also known, appears as what in Dante's Divine Comedy?