" It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood. "
James Madison

Back in the day


William Wallace is Executed

Wallace was a Scottish knight who, during the Wars of Scottish Independence, led a resistance movement against the English occupation. He was betrayed to the English by a Scottish knight in 1305, found guilty of treason, and hanged, drawn, and quartered. Much of what is known about his life is based on legend and the poem The Acts and Deeds of Sir William Wallace, Knight of Elderslie, written by 15th-century minstrel Blind Harry. What 1995 film starring Mel Gibson depicts Wallace's life?




In dharmic religions like Buddhism and Hinduism, mudras are symbolic gestures of the hands and fingers used in ceremonies, dance, and art. Each is associated with a specific quality, such as knowledge, that is said to be imparted on the practitioner. Mudras often accompany the vocalization of a mantra, or sacred utterance, and act as a kind of ceremonial seal affirming the statement or prayer. Which mudra expels demons and removes obstacles such as sickness or negative thoughts?

Born on a day like today


Georges Cuvier

Cuvier was a renowned French naturalist and zoologist considered the founder of comparative anatomy and paleontology. He is well known as the most influential early 19th-century proponent of catastrophism, which proposes the theory that major changes in the Earth result from catastrophes rather than evolutionary processes. He showed that species can become extinct, and he opposed early evolutionary theories. What extinct flying reptile did Cuvier identify and name?

Last updated on Sunday, 23rd August 2009

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