" The crisis of today is the joke of tomorrow. "
H.G. Wells

Back in the day


Afghanistan Gains Independence from United Kingdom

After becoming the major power on the Indian subcontinent in the late 18th century, the British Empire sought to secure its trade routes through Afghanistan against expanding Russian influence in the region. In doing so, Britain essentially transformed Afghanistan into a buffer state, subjecting it to several wars before finally relinquishing control of its foreign affairs. Subsequent tensions between Afghanistan and Pakistan can be traced to what border drawn by the British during this period?



Ars Goetia

Ars Goetia is the title of the first section of The Lesser Key of Solomon, an anonymous 17th-century book of magic that became one of the most popular texts of demonology. The Ars Goetia describes the 72 demons that King Solomon is said to have confined in a magic vessel and includes instructions on how to use magic rituals to call up the same demons to do the conjurer's will. What famous British occultist incorporated the Ars Goetia into his own system of magic?

Born on a day like today


John Dryden

Dryden was an English poet, dramatist, and critic who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such an extent that the period is now known in literary circles as the "Age of Dryden." He first came to public notice in 1659 with his Heroic Stanzas, commemorating the death of Oliver Cromwell, and he is credited with establishing the heroic couplet as the standard meter of the English poetry of that time. What poet, the most influential of the 18th c, often borrowed from Dryden?

Last updated on Wednesday, 19th August 2009

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