" As love without esteem is capricious and volatile; esteem without love is languid and cold. "
Jonathan Swift

Back in the day


Feudalism Abolished in France

Less than a month after the storming of the Bastille, France's National Assembly held a meeting in which the nobles and clergy, driven partly by fear and partly by an outburst of idealism, relinquished their manorial rights within the course of a few hours. Shortly afterward, the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, a manifesto comprised of the principles that inspired the French Revolution. After what US document did the Assembly model this declaration?




A combination of the Ukrainian words holod, meaning "hunger," and mor, meaning "plague," the term Holodomor refers to the Ukrainian famine that led to millions of deaths in 1932 and 1933. Though some scholars note that natural causes—such as weather and a poor harvest—might have contributed to the famine, most modern historians agree that it was a direct result of the policies of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin. For that reason, the Holodomor is sometimes referred to as what?

Born on a day like today


Percy Bysshe Shelley

Shelley was an English Romantic poet who is widely considered to be among the finest lyric poets in the English language. He studied at Oxford, where his collaboration on the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism led to his expulsion. He married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, now famed as Mary Shelley, after his first wife drowned herself in 1816. Shelley himself drowned on July 8, 1822. Why do some think his death was not accidental?

Last updated on Tuesday, 4th August 2009

More sponsors