Known as the Yellow Emperor, Huangdi is one of China's five mythical prehistoric emperors who, according to tradition, created the basic elements of Chinese civilization. He is said to have reigned from 2697 BCE to 2597 BCE and is regarded as the ancestor of all Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in the world; the founder of Taoism; and the inventor of the principles of traditional Chinese medicine. According to legend, Huangdi's wife is said to have taught the Chinese to do what?
Back in the day
Mary Stuart was Queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567. She was forced to abdicate the throne after her husband, Lord Darnley, was murdered and she was implicated in the plot. Mary then fled to England, where she faced a murder inquiry and became a prisoner of the English government. After conspiracies to put her on the throne of England were uncovered, she was tried for treason and ultimately beheaded. Some say her executioners asked for her forgiveness. What is she said to have replied?
Born on a day like today
BolÃ$was a South American revolutionary leader who earned the title of "El Libertador" for defeating the Spanish in a string of stunning victories from 1813 to 1824, effectively ending Spanish control over what are now Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. Though he declared himself dictator in hopes of unifying the region, the effort was unsuccessful, and he resigned in 1830. BolÃvar's goal for the region was to create a federation styled after what?