Established by Vladimir Lenin in 1917, the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution, Speculation, and Sabotage, also known as the Cheka, was the first in a succession of Soviet state security organizations. Its troops policed labor camps, ran the Gulag system, put down worker riots, and orchestrated the campaign of repression that came to be known as the "Red Terror." Early Chekists made wearing what apparel fashionable among Western Communists?
Back in the day
The Brooklyn Bridge, one of the oldest suspension bridges in the US, stretches over the East River from Manhattan to Brooklyn. Construction on the bridge began in 1870 and lasted 13 years. It was the first steel-wire suspension bridge in the world, and, at the time of its completion, it was the world's longest suspension bridgeâ€”fifty percent longer than any previously built. A week after the bridge opened, rumors of its impending collapse caused a stampede that killed how many people?
Born on a day like today
Marat was a French Revolutionary leader, physician, and journalist. When the Revolution began, he founded the journal L'Ami du people, in which he vented his hatred and suspicion of those in power. Elected to the National Convention in 1792, he led the attack against the right-wing Girondists. He was assassinated by royalist sympathizer Charlotte Corday as he soaked in a bath to relieve the discomfort of what debilitating skin condition?