Ayyavazhi is a belief system that originated in South India in the 19th century. Many consider it a Hindu sectâ€”including the majority of its followersâ€”however, academics often define it as an independent monistic religion. While its ideology is quite similar to that of Hinduism, some Ayyavazhi beliefs and practices differ from the Hindu tradition, especially those relating to the concepts of good and evil as well as dharma. On whose teachings is Ayyavazhi based?
Back in the day
In 1951, a class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka, Kansas, by 13 African-American parents on behalf of their children. The plaintiffs argued that segregating schools along racial lines violated the students' 14th Amendment right to equal protection under the law. The case was heard by the US Supreme Court, which unanimously agreed that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." What future Supreme Court judge represented the plaintiffs?
Born on a day like today
Jenner was an English physician and pupil of John Hunter, a pioneer in comparative anatomy and morphology. Jenner's invaluable experiments, beginning in 1796 with the vaccination of eight-year-old James Phipps, proved that cowpox provided immunity against smallpox. His discovery was instrumental in ridding many areas of the world of a dread disease and laid the foundations of modern immunology as a science. What is the etymology of the term "vaccination"?