The Shaheed Minar in Dhaka, Bangladesh, is a monument honoring protesters killed by Pakistani police in 1952, during a protest in which they demanded that Pakistan accept Bengali as an official language. The memorial was destroyed by police just days after it was erected, rebuilt between 1956 and 1963, and destroyed again during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. Rebuilt yet again, the monument is now the center of cultural activities in Dhaka. What was Pakistan's national language before 1956?
Back in the day
Baltimore's Johns Hopkins University is named for philanthropist Johns Hopkins, who donated $7 million for the foundation of the university and Johns Hopkins Hospitalâ€”the largest philanthropic bequest in US history at the time. Johns Hopkins University was the first American research university and was later used as a model for most large research universities in the US. How did Hopkins get his unusual first name?
Born on a day like today
Washington is often called the "Father of his Country" because of the central role he played in the founding of the United States. As commander of the Continental Army, he led colonial forces to victory over the British and served as the new nation's first president. He then relinquished that power and retired after two terms, thereby setting a key precedent for republican democracy. How did Washington occupy himself after his retirement?