Two weeks after their 1944 escape from Auschwitz, Rudolf Vrba and AlfrÃ©d Wetzler met with Jewish officials in Slovakia and gave them a detailed report on the Nazi concentration camp as well as sketches of its layout, gas chambers, and crematoria. Although the report's release to the public was controversially delayed, it was the first detailed report on Auschwitz that the Allies found credible and is credited with having saved many lives. Why did Vrba claim the report was deliberately withheld?
Back in the day
Ratified during the post-Civil War Reconstruction Period, the main purpose of the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution was to enfranchise former slaves. It states: "The right of citizensâ€¦to vote shall not be denied or abridgedâ€¦on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Though the amendment's purpose was not fully achieved until 1965, the first African American to exercise this right did so the day after the amendment was ratified, when he participated in what election?
Born on a day like today
Junkers was a pioneering German engineer who held many patents for his original developments in the fields of gas engine and aircraft design. He had innovative ideas about metal airplanes and flying wings, but the realities of war hampered his ability to develop them. During World War II, his company was taken over by the Nazis, and Junkers, a pacifist and a socialist, was sentenced to house arrest and died soon after. What was the "Sheetmetal Donkey"?