Sake is a Japanese alcoholic beverage made from rice. Although there are multiple theories about how it was developed, the first sakes were likely made from rice, millet, chestnuts, and acorns that people chewed and spit into a tub. The enzymes from the saliva converted the starches to sugars, resulting in a sweet mixture that was combined with freshly cooked grain and allowed to ferment. What does drinking sake from another's cup signify in Japanese culture?
Back in the day
Wilson presented his Fourteen Points, a program intended to lay the foundation for peace in Europe after WWI, to the US Congress in 1918. The idealistic message laid the groundwork for the creation of the League of Nations. It successfully encouraged the Central Powers to yield, and thus became the basis for the terms of Germany's surrender. Opposition to the points quickly crystallized, however, and the subsequent treaty between Germany and the Allies laid the seeds for what future conflict?
Born on a day like today
Hawking is one of the world's leading theoretical physicists, and his work in the field of general relativity provided mathematical support for the big bang theory of the origin of the universe. He continues to work and teach, despite being severely disabled by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a degenerative disease that confines him to a wheelchair and forces him to use a voice synthesizer to communicate. What old bet did Hawking loose to fellow scholars in 2004?