The term "Orientalism," when used to refer to Westerners' study of Eastern cultures and peoples, has negative connotations, implying old-fashioned, prejudiced, outsider interpretations of the East. However, the term also refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers, artists, and architects. Examples include Western attemptsâ€”from the Renaissance to the 18th centuryâ€”to imitate the technical sophistication of what Chinese art form?
Back in the day
A tsunami is a series of massive waves generated when a body of water is rapidly displaced. The deadliest tsunami in recorded history, the Indian Ocean tsunami killed more than 200,000 people. It was triggered by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean that registered a magnitude of between 9.1 and 9.3. The disaster prompted a huge worldwide effort to help victims of the tragedy. How far away were the effects of the tsunami felt?
Born on a day like today
Chairman Mao established the People's Republic of China in 1949. His Great Leap Forward was an initially successful effort to establish a system of collective farms and small industry, but it eventually led to the starvation of millions of people. Mao also launched a massive purge to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the country's institutions. The movement led to the destruction of much of China's cultural heritage and the imprisonment of many Chinese intellectuals. What was it called?