The lexical compilations known as dictionaries have taken many forms throughout the ages. The earliest dictionaries were created by the Greeks in the first century CE, while multilingual dictionaries emerged during the Middle Ages. Though today's lexica contain alphabetized word lists, until the 18th century, English dictionaries were predominantly organized by topic. What two words, included in the 1961 edition of Webster's Third New International Dictionary, provoked serious criticism?
Back in the day
When Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon entered the tomb of the Egyptian King Tutankhamun, they were the first people to do so in approximately 3,000 years. The pharaoh's tomb was then the best preserved and most intact ever found in the Valley of the Kings. The discovery received worldwide press coverage and renewed public interest in ancient Egypt, for which Tutankhamun remains a popular icon. Whose death several months after the discovery gave popular credence to the "Curse of Tutankhamun"?
Born on a day like today
Wiener was an American mathematician and educator who made significant contributions to a number of areas of mathematics, including harmonic analysis and Fourier transforms. He is best known, however, for his theory of cybernetics, the comparative study of control and communication in humans and machines. Wiener declined an invitation to join the Manhattan Project, and, after WWII, wrote an article titled "A Scientist Rebels," urging scientists to do what?