The Ryutin Affair, one of the last attempts of the Soviet Communist Party to oppose Stalin, took place in 1932, when Martemyan Ryutin, an Old Bolshevik, decided to secretly oppose the controversial Soviet leader. In a nearly 200-page document now known as the "Ryutin Platform," he called for Stalin's elimination and a "fresh start," but he was soon identified as the author, imprisoned, and ultimately executed. Knowledge of the document's contents derives from a single copy held in what archive?
George Bernard Shaw
Back in the day
The Treaty of Madrid was an early agreement between the fledgling nation of the United States and colonial Spain. The treaty defined the boundaries between the US and Spanish colonies to the south and west, and it secured the US rights to navigate the Mississippi River, which was a critical waterway for trade. The signatories also agreed not to incite native tribes to warfare. The borders defined by this treaty correspond to what boundaries today?
Born on a day like today
A hero of the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt served as governor of New York and, later, as vice president under William McKinley. After McKinley's assassination, he became the 26th president of the US. His administration was marked by the regulation of trusts, the building of the Panama Canal, and a foreign policy based on the motto "Speak softly and carry a big stick." In 1906, he became the first American to win the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in mediating what conflict?