" Heresies are experiments in man's unsatisfied search for truth. "
H.G. Wells

Back in the day


Churchill Proposes Creation of Council of Europe

Speaking at the University of Zurich, Winston Churchill implored European states to establish a "United States of Europe" to settle regional differences and promote understanding in the wake of World War II. His speech helped prompt the creation of the Council of Europe in 1949. Open to all European nations that accept the rule of law and guarantee human rights and freedoms to their citizens, the Council today is comprised of 47 member states. Which three European states have not yet joined?




Fluxus, "to flow" in Latin, is an international group of artists noted for blending various artistic media and disciplines in the 1960s. Considered an attitude rather than a movement or style, Fluxus encourages a do-it-yourself aesthetic and values simplicity. Fluxus developed out of many of the concepts explored by composer John Cage, who focused on the notion of chance in art through works such as 4'33"—a "composition" performed without a single note being played. What are Fluxus boxes?

Born on a day like today


Mika Waltari

Waltari was a prolific Finnish author, best known for the 1945 historical novel The Egyptian, which chronicles the rise and fall of the Pharaoh Akhenaten and was hailed by Egyptologists for its historical accuracy. Its theme of corruption of humanist values in a materialist world was curiously topical in the aftermath of World War II, and the book became an international bestseller, serving as the basis for the 1954 Hollywood movie of the same name. How many novels did Waltari write?

Last updated on Friday, 19th September 2008

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