" I cannot express it: but surely you and everybody have a notion that there is, or should be, an existence of yours beyond you. "
Emily Bronte

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History

Afghanistan Gains Independence from United Kingdom

After becoming the major power on the Indian subcontinent in the late 18th c, the British Empire sought to secure its trade routes through Afghanistan against expanding Russian influence in the region. In doing so, Britain transformed Afghanistan into something of a buffer state, subjecting it to countless wars and treaties before finally relinquishing control of its foreign affairs with the Treaty of Rawalpindi. According to archeological research, when did humans first come to Afghanistan?

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The Cool Biz Campaign

In 2005, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment launched the Cool Biz campaign, a program intended to reduce electricity consumption by limiting air conditioner use. Government offices were asked to set their air conditioners to 82°F (28°C), and workers were advised to wear short-sleeved shirts to keep cool. According to estimates, the campaign resulted in a 460,000-ton reduction in carbon dioxide emissions—the equivalent of shutting down some 1 million households for what period of time?

Born on a day like today

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John Dryden

Dryden was an English poet, dramatist, and critic who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such an extent that the period is now known in literary circles as the “Age of Dryden.” He first came to public notice in 1659 with his Heroic Stanzas, commemorating the death of Oliver Cromwell. An early member of the Royal Society—a scientific society that still exists today—he was expelled for non-payment of his dues after only four years. How many siblings did he have?

Last updated on Tuesday, 19th August 2008

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