Yakuza are members of traditional organized crime groups in Japan. Although yakuza membership declined in the 1990s following an anti-gang law passed by the Japanese government, there are thought to be nearly 90,000 active yakuza members in Japan today. Though, as a matter of principle, yakuza do not recognize direct theft as a legitimate enterprise, they frequently engage in a form of extortion known as sokaiya. How does it work?
Robert Louis Stevenson
Back in the day
The Statue of Liberty, located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, was a gift to the US from France to commemorate the centennial of the Declaration of Independence. The statue, a gesture of friendship and a symbol of freedom, is visited by millions each year, but many forget that â€œLady Libertyâ€ also served as a functioning lighthouse from 1886 to 1902. Designed by French sculptor F.A. Bartholdi, the statue depicts a woman with an uplifted arm holding a torch. Who served as Bartholdi's model?
Born on a day like today
Cruz was a Brazilian physician, scientist, and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, a scientific institution for research and development in biomedical sciences in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. As the Director General of Public Health, Cruz took strong measures to combat the bubonic plague, smallpox, and yellow fever. What happened when he tried to reinstate a law imposing mandatory smallpox vaccination?