Since their discovery on the Indonesian island of Flores in 2003, small, hominid remainsâ€”labeled Homo floresiensisâ€”have divided scientists into two camps. While some believe the remains are the bones of a modern human with a disorder that results in a smaller-than-average skull, others see them as evidence of a newly discovered species in the genus Homo that lived among modern humans and survived until as recently as 12,000 years ago. What arguments have been raised by both sides?
Honore de Balzac
Back in the day
John T. Scopes, a Tennessee biology teacher, was tried for violating the Butler Act, a 1925 state law banning the teaching of evolution. This so-called "Monkey Trial" became a flashpoint for debate among religious scholars and scientists as well as the general public. Scopes was found guilty and fined $100, though the verdict was later reversed. Despite the outcry stemming from the case, the Butler Act was not repealed until 1967. Why didn't Scopes testify during the trial?
Born on a day like today
Hemingway was one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. His fiction usually focuses on people living essential, dangerous livesâ€”soldiers, fishermen, athletes, bullfightersâ€”who meet the pain and difficulty of their existence with stoic courage. His celebrated literary style, influenced by Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein, is direct and terse, yet particularly suited to his elemental subject matter. Which of his works earned him the Pulitzer and Nobel prizes?