" We cannot command nature except by obeying her. "
Francis Bacon

Back in the day


West Point Opens

West Point, New York, was the site of a military post established by George Washington in 1778. In 1802, Thomas Jefferson signed legislation establishing the United States Military Academy there. Initially, civil engineering was the foundation of the Academy's curriculum, which broadened after the Civil War. After WWI, Douglas MacArthur pushed for major changes in the physical fitness and athletic programs. What collegiate tradition began at West Point?




Buddha believed that those who speak and act with a pure mind are sure to experience happiness. Aristotle reasoned that happiness results from man's unique ability to contemplate reality. But the Chinese philosopher Zhuangzi argued that it is this very ability to reason that prevents us from achieving true happiness. While happiness is a psychological state, there are those who believe that it can be objectively measured and quantified. What neural systems may be directly related to happiness?

Born on a day like today


Nathaniel Hawthorne

Hawthorne was one of the great masters of American fiction. His novels and tales are penetrating explorations of moral and spiritual conflicts, and his masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter, is often considered the first American psychological novel. Hawthorne also helped to establish the American short story as a significant art form with his haunting tales of human loneliness, frustration, hypocrisy, eccentricity, and frailty. What future US president did Hawthorne befriend in college?

Last updated on Friday, 4th July 2008

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