The Palermo stone is the largest known fragment of an ancient Egyptian stele containing the earliest extant historic annals. It was engraved around the 25th century BCE and includes a hieroglyphic listing of the kings of ancient Egypt, the years of their reigns, notations of historic events, and information pertaining to the flooding of the Nile. Who may have used the stone's "Old Kingdom Annals" to construct his own dynastic chronology of ancient Egypt?
Back in the day
The constitution of Japan was drawn up under the Allied occupation that followed World War II. It was intended to replace Japan's previous imperial system with a form of liberal democracy, which provides for a parliamentary system of government and guarantees certain fundamental rights. Under its terms, the right to wage war is renounced and the Emperor of Japan exercises a purely ceremonial role. What, if any, amendments have been made to this constitution since its adoption?
Born on a day like today
Machiavelli was a Florentine author and statesman. He entered political service in 1498 and became acquainted with power politics through his important diplomatic missions. His best-known work, The Prince (1532), describes the means by which a prince may gain and maintain power. The adjective "Machiavellian" has since come to serve as a synonym for amoral cunning and for justification by power, but Machiavelli placed a number of restrictions on evil actions; what were they?