The gallbladder is a small sac that stores and concentrates bile, a bitter fluid that aids in the emulsification of fats. In some people, small, pebble-like masses composed chiefly of cholesterol, calcium salts, and bile pigments form in the gallbladder or bile ducts. The presence of gallstones can lead to painful obstruction or infection and is sometimes treated with cholecystectomy, the surgical removal of the gallbladder. In what country are gallstones believed to be powerful aphrodisiacs?
Back in the day
The 57-story Woolworth Building is one of the oldest and most famous skyscrapers in New York City. It was constructed in the neo-Gothic style by architect Cass Gilbert, who was commissioned by Frank Woolworth in 1910 to design a new corporate headquarters for his company in Lower Manhattan, opposite City Hall. Construction cost $13.5 million, which Woolworth paid in cash. The Woolworth Building was the tallest in the world until 1930, when it was overtaken by what building?
Born on a day like today
William I of Orange was born to the House of Nassau and became prince of Orange in 1544. Though he was initially a favored page of the Spanish king, Spanish encroachments on the independence of the Netherlands and the introduction of the Spanish Inquisition led him to turn against Spain. He subsequently led the Dutch revolt that instigated the Eighty Years' War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces of the Netherlands in 1648. Why was he known as â€œWilliam the Silentâ€?