The Geghard monastery is one of the most frequented tourist destinations in Armenia. The unique architectural structure is surrounded by towering cliffs, and part of the monastery, known as â€œthe Monastery of the Cave,â€ was actually carved out of the mountainside. Gregory the Illuminator founded the complex in the 4th century at the site of a sacred spring, and in the centuries that followed, the monastery was destroyed and rebuilt. What religious relics were housed at Geghard?
Back in the day
Nol became defense minister and army chief of staff in Norodom Sihanouk's Cambodian government in 1955, later serving as premier under Sihanouk. In 1970, he led the coup that deposed Sihanouk and assumed control of the government. His unsuccessful attempts at suppressing the Communist Khmer Rouge guerillas plunged the country into civil war, and he ultimately fled the country in 1975. What prompted Nol to use magic sand as a military defense?
Born on a day like today
The last state president of South Africa, de Klerk served from 1989 to 1994. He is best known for engineering the end of apartheid, South Africa's racial segregation policy, and beginning the process of drafting of a new constitution for the country based on the principle of â€œone person, one vote.â€ As president, de Klerk moved quickly to free political prisoners, and by June 1991 he had obtained the repeal of all remaining apartheid laws. With whom did de Klerk share the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize?