In the late 1930s, psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich publicized his theory of universal life energy, a force he called orgone energy. He claimed that orgone fills all space, has a blue hue, and can be accumulated and used to restore psychological well-being. Most experts believe his hypotheses to be pseudoscience, and his books on the subject were burned following a court decision intended to prevent health-fraud. How do Reich's supporters respond to critics?
Back in the day
Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell through the somatic cell nuclear transfer technique, in which the nucleus of an egg cell is replaced by the nucleus of a cell from the organism to be cloned. In successful cases, the egg cell develops into a healthy fetus, but the success rate of cloning has been low. Of 277 eggs, only 29 created viable embryos; just three of these embryos survived until birth, and Dolly was the only one to survive to adulthood. How did she get her name?
Born on a day like today
Washington is often called the "Father of his Country" because of the central role he played in the founding of the United States. As commander of the Continental Army, he led colonial forces to victory over the British and served as the new nation's first president. He then relinquished that power and retired after two termsâ€”despite supporters' wishes that he run for another termâ€”thereby setting a key precedent for republican democracy. How did Washington occupy himself after his retirement?