" Electric communication will never be a substitute for the face of someone who with their soul encourages another person to be brave and true. "
Charles Dickens

Back in the day


Morgan Invents Volleyball

William G. Morgan invented volleyball in Holyoke, Massachusetts, just four years after basketball was invented in the neighboring town of Springfield. Morgan, a physical education director, created "Mintonette" for older athletes who wanted to play indoor sports but for whom basketball was too rough. Mintonette was later renamed volleyball because the point of the game is to "volley" the "ball" back and forth over the net. Morgan's game took several of its characteristics from what two sports?



Goethe's Theory of Colours

In 1810, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe published his observations of color. Most physicists dispute the validity of his work because of his reification of darkness and explanation of color as the interplay between darkness and light. Goethe considered this work his magnum opus and it remains a remarkable catalogue of observations on color perception and color phenomena. What inspired Goethe to pursue his own study of color and challenge the widely accepted theories posited by Newton?

Born on a day like today


Gerhard Richter

Richter is considered one of the foremost German artists of the post-WWII period, and the prices his paintings fetch at auction reflect this distinction. Unwilling to settle on any one approach, Richter has varied his style from austere photorealism to pure abstraction. Richter's photo-paintings, which reproduce photographic images on canvas in exacting detail, explore the tension between reality and its depiction, between process and material. Where did Richter train?

Last updated on Saturday, 9th February 2008

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