Waterboarding, a torture method that simulates drowning, has existed in various forms since the time of the Spanish Inquisition. Generally, water is poured over the face of an immobilized prisoner, inducing the gag reflex and mimicking sensations associated with drowning. The technique gained international attention in 2006, when reports surfaced charging the US with torturing detainees during the â€œWar on Terror.â€ When CIA officers were waterboarded during training, how quickly did they break?
Back in the day
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA), founded in 1910, is the largest youth organization in the US. BSA members are taught outdoorsmanship through participation in camping, aquatic, and hiking activities. These programs are designed to build character, promote fitness, and encourage leadership. Scouts advance in rank by overcoming a series of obstacles and receive recognition for their accomplishments in the form of merit badges and awards. How many of the 12 men to walk on the moon were Scouts?
Born on a day like today
Afonso (Alfonso) IV, known as "the Brave," was king of Portugal from 1325 until his death in 1357. A soldier and general, he defeated his brother to gain the throne, fought several wars against Castile and the Moors, and engaged in political intrigue. Afonso's most important contribution as king was, perhaps, his strengthening of the Portuguese navy, which later became a formidable power in overseas exploration and trade. He is, however, best remembered for ordering whose murder in 1355?