Deinococcus radiodurans has been listed as the world's toughest bacterium in The Guinness Book of World Records because of its extraordinary resistance to extreme conditions. It is the most radioresistant organism known to science and is able to rapidly repair damage to its genome. Many question how such a resilient bacterium could evolve on Earth, and some have suggested that the organism is actually of Martian origin. How do they propose the bacterium came to this planet?
Back in the day
Victor Hugo, a French writer and pacifist, proposed peaceful European unification as early as 1849, but it was not until the devastation wrought by WWI and WWII that steps were taken to unify the states of Europe. The European Coal and Steel Company was established in 1951 and the European Economic Community, a customs union, six years later. The latter was renamed the European Community and now serves as the "first pillar" of the European Union (EU). How many member states does the EU have?
Born on a day like today
More was an English lawyer, writer, and politician who earned a reputation as a leading humanist scholar. He held many public offices during Henry VIII's reign, including that of Lord Chancellor. He is remembered for his book Utopia, which describes an ideal state founded entirely on reason, and for his principled refusal to accept the King as the head of the Church of Englandâ€”a decision that resulted in his execution on the grounds of treason. What recognition was he accorded in 1886?