Strictly defined, the phrase â€œilluminated manuscriptâ€ refers only to texts decorated with gold or silver. Now, however, the term is commonly used to describe any decorated or illustrated manuscript from the Western or Islamic traditions. The majority of surviving manuscripts date back to the Middle Ages, during which period they were often produced in monasteries. Illumination was a complex and costly process. What insects were used to make the red pigments that decorate these manuscripts?
Back in the day
The Beaumont children's disappearance from a popular Australian beach launched what would become the largest police investigation in Australian criminal history. On a hot summer day in 1966, 9-year-old Jane Beaumont took her 2 younger siblings to a nearby beach; they never returned home. Police investigations revealed that the children had been seen with a strange man and later walking alone, but the case remains unsolved. In what profound way did this disappearance change Australian society?
Born on a day like today
MacArthur is a major figure in US military and diplomatic history. He played a vital role in the Pacific theater of WWII and commanded UN forces during the Korean War. After Japan's surrender in 1945, MacArthur worked to rebuild the devastated nation, drafting a new Japanese constitution and helping to establish a democratic government. Many viewed MacArthur as a hero, but he was suddenly relieved of his duty by President Truman at the height of the Korean War for what reason?