In 1896 a banquet was planned in Moscow's Khodynka Field to celebrate the crowning of Nicholas II as Tsar of Russia. When rumors spread of lavish gifts to be bestowed by the new leader, hoards of people began gathering at the coronation square. Suddenly, rumors of a gift shortage began circulating through the crowd. In the resulting disorder and panic, 1,389 people were trampled to death and another 1,300 were injured. What were the coronation gifts that inadvertently led to this disaster?
Honore de Balzac
Back in the day
Wilson presented his Fourteen Points, a program intended to lay the foundation for peace in Europe after WWI, to the US Congress in 1918. The idealistic message laid the groundwork for the creation of the League of Nations. It successfully encouraged the Central Powers to yield, and thus became the basis for the terms of Germany's surrender. Opposition to the points quickly crystallized, and the subsequent treaty between Germany and the Allied Powers laid the seeds for what future conflict?
Born on a day like today
Hawking is one of the world's leading theoretical physicists, and his work in the field of general relativity, particularly gravitational field theory, provided mathematical support for the big bang theory of the origin of the universe. He continues to work and teach, despite being severely disabled by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which confines him to a wheelchair and forces him to use a voice synthesizer to communicate. Who designed the first version of Hawking's talking computer?