The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the UK's senior finance minister and a member of the Prime Minister's cabinet. He oversees public spending across Government departments and frames the annual budget. The office, established under Henry III, is now considered one of the four Great Offices of State. As Second Lord of the Treasury, the Chancellor's official residence is 11 Downing St, next door to the home of the First Lord of the Treasury. In 1997, who actually moved into Number 11?
Back in the day
Looking for a way to relieve the boredom of his students during indoor gym classes, Naismith nailed a peach basket to each end of a gymnasium, created two teams of nine players, and thus invented basketball. The sport was inspired in part by a game Naismith had played as a child called â€œDuck-on-a-Rock.â€ One month later, Naismith published rules for the game, which did not allow for what is known today as dribbling; players had to move the ball up the court in what way?
Born on a day like today
Considered one of the most important figures in modern architecture, the Brazilian Niemeyer was a pioneer in the use of reinforced concrete. His buildings feature smooth curves that are distinct from those of his more utilitarian contemporaries. Niemeyer's remarkable work in the creation of Brazil's new capital, BrasÃlia, brought him enormous acclaim and is widely considered his masterpiece. In 1947, Niemeyer joined a team of architects to design what internationally recognized US building?