Micropsia, also named Alice in Wonderland Syndrome after Lewis Carroll's fictional children's book, is a disorienting visual disorder in which humans, animals, and inanimate objects are perceived as significantly smaller than they actually are. The condition affects the brain's interpretation of signals sent from the eyes and not the mechanical functioning of the eyes themselves. What painful neurological condition may, in part, be the cause of micropsia?
Back in the day
Louis XVI was King of France from 1774 to 1792. One of his greatest responsibilities as king was to deal with the country's enormous debt, but his indecisiveness and conservatism led the people to reject him. During the uprising that led to the French Revolution, he attempted to flee the country, but was caught, supposedly when a store clerk recognized his face from the country's coinage. Tried for treason and found guilty, he was guillotined on January 21, 1793. Who was Louis's infamous wife?
Born on a day like today
Leo X, born into the important Florentine Medici family, rose to the papacy in 1513. Pope Leo X was a patron of the arts and a generous almsgiver, but he was also strongly criticized for his lavish lifestyle. He was not greatly interested in the advancement of the Church, and when Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the church door at Wittenberg, Leo X's subsequent excommunication of Luther did little to stem the tide of the Reformation. What was Exsurge Domine, and what did it say?