The Han dynasty ruled China from 202 BCE to 220 CE. During the period of civil strife that followed the fall of the Ch'in dynasty, Liu Pang, a farmer and guerilla fighter, defeated his rivals for the throne and established himself as the first Han emperor. Under Han rule, the harsh laws of the Ch'in were repealed, taxes were lightened, and the absolute autocracy of the emperor was lessened. Which emperor is credited with China's shift from the Taoist system to the Confucian ideal?
Back in the day
On Nov. 15, 1889, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca deposed the emperor Dom Pedro II, declared Brazil a republic, and reorganized the country's government. The republicans named Fonseca president, but his government was divided by the animosity between Fonseca and his vice president, Floriano Peixoto, and public opinion of the president soon soured. Instability and violence characterized the decade that followed. What export crop led to significant developments in Brazil's economy during this period?
Born on a day like today
One of the best known US painters of the 20th century, O'Keeffe is known chiefly for her large, semi-abstract studies of flowers, bones, and other imagery. Immaculate, sculptural, organic forms painted in strong, clear colors predominate in O'Keeffe's works, and her pristine abstract designs carry strong elements of sexual symbolism. Her work was first exhibited in 1916 at the 291 Gallery of Alfred Stieglitz, whom she married in 1924. In 1928, a group of O'Keeffe's paintings sold for what price?