Hieratic, first used around 3,000 BCE, was the basic writing system of the ancient Egyptian pharaonic period and provided a simpler alternative to the contemporaneous hieroglyphic system. It was generally written with ink on papyrus and was often used to compose administrative documents and letters, as well as legal, literary, and religious texts. Much of what is now known about the lives of common Egyptians has been deciphered from such texts. What writing system is descended from hieratic?
Back in the day
The first Godzilla film opened in Tokyo more than 50 years ago, and its 20,000 ton star, an enormous lizard, has been smashing up cities and towns ever since. Initially inspired by King Kong, Godzilla soon spawned several other motion pictures and TV shows. Its widespread popularity inspired Japanese filmmakers to develop a number of other monsters and heroes, such as Goro and Gamera. Why was the original Japanese version of the film heavily edited before its release in the US?
Born on a day like today
Aurangzeb ruled as emperor of the Mughal Empire of Northern India from 1658 to 1707. He is commonly considered the last of the great Mughal emperors, as well as one of the most controversial. He was an austere, conservative Muslim who strictly adhered to a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam, banning music, dance, and most forms of art. He oppressed non-Muslims and was engaged in near-constant warfare during his reign. His empire was fatally weakened by the revolts of what groups?