During WWII, Sugihara, the Japanese Consul in Kovno, Lithuania, began issuing transit visas to escaping Jews. Without such visas, the refugees were not permitted to leave the country. He hand-wrote thousands of visas, in direct violation of his orders from Tokyo, continuing even as the train removing him from his consulate post pulled out of the station. His efforts allowed thousands of refugees to escape Nazi persecution. In 1985, the Israeli government awarded Sugihara what honorary title?
Back in the day
The Football Association (FA), the governing body of football in England, played a leading role in establishing rules for the modern game. All of England's professional football clubs must be members of the FA, and the organization holds a special place in the hearts of many soccer historians and fans worldwide. The FA runs several competitions, including the FA Cup, which is the oldest football competition in the world. When and where was the first exhibition game using FA rules played?
Born on a day like today
Scarlatti was an Italian composer and virtuoso harpsichordist of the Baroque era who was extremely influential in the development of keyboard music. His keyboard sonatas, which number over 500, have been performed and recorded by many famous pianists and harpsichordists and are prime examples of his mastery of the homophonic "free style" of composition. As a young man he is said to have engaged in a keyboard competition with what contemporary composer?