Kata, meaning â€˜form,' describes the patterned body positioning and movement exercises practiced in a number of traditional Japanese art forms. Kata are often an essential part of martial arts training and involve varying degrees of difficulty. While critics claim that such rote practice does not translate usefully into real-world situations, proponents believe these choreographed forms create a basis for future martial arts learning. What other Japanese arts make use of such forms?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Back in the day
The Public Library of Science (PLoS) is a nonprofit open-access scientific publishing project aimed at creating a library of scientific journals and other scientific literature under an open content license. All of the content of PLoS journals is published under the Creative Commons "attribution" license. What Nobel prize winner in Physiology or Medicine helped found PLoS?
Born on a day like today
The first female Prime Minister of Great Britain, Thatcher served longer than any other British PM in the 20th century. She was noted for policies that dismantled many aspects of Britain's postwar welfare state and privatized many state-run industries. By 1990, interest rates had risen to 15%, undermining her core voting base and contributing, along with internal party disputes over the poll tax and European integration, to her 1992 retirement. Why was she called the "Iron Ladyâ€?