AtatÃ¼rk, or â€œFather Turk,â€ began his career in the service of the Ottoman military, but he soon became the Empire's greatest opponent and went on to lead the Turkish War of Independence. In the early 1920s, AtatÃ¼rk led a military and political campaign that resulted in the Treaty of Lausanne and the founding of the Turkish republic. In 1923, AtatÃ¼rk was elected the Republic's first president. He then set out on an energetic program of Westernization. How did he reform the Turkish language?
Back in the day
The Honeymooners, a short lived American sitcom based on sketches by Jackie Gleason, debuted in 1955 and was initially rated the #2 show in the US. The comedy, which starred Gleason and Audrey Meadows as a struggling working class couple, aired opposite the popular Perry Como Show and soon dropped 17 spots in the rankings. Though the show was cancelled after just 39 episodes, it has been aired for decades in syndication. What animated TV series did Gleason's show inspire?
Born on a day like today
Carter served as US President from 1977-1981. While his foreign policy met with some successâ€”Carter mediated the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt and signed an arms treaty with the USSRâ€”his domestic policy was less effective. His administration was unable to control oil-related inflation or reduce unemployment, factors that weakened his 2nd presidential bid. Since leaving office, Carter has been active in a number of human-rights causes. He received what prestigious award in 2002?