Malthus was an English economist, sociologist, and demographer. He is best known for his pamphlet An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), in which he theorizes that poverty is an unavoidable consequence of population growth. He explained that populations grow at a geometric rate, while the means of subsistence expands arithmetically; thus, war, famine, and disease are necessary checks on population. Does recent empirical evidence about population growth support this assertion?
Sir Walter Scott
Back in the day
Sweden's loss in the Finnish War (1808-09) marked the end of its significance as a monarchical military power in the region and the beginning of constitutional reform in the country. As part of the terms of the ensuing treaty, the Swedish government was forced to cede about one-third of its easternmost territory to Russia. The territories in question were declared semi-autonomous, but Russian influence would be felt there for many years. What was the Diet of Porvoo?
Born on a day like today
Quevedo was a Spanish satirist and novelist and one of the great writers of the Spanish Golden Age. His Los sueÃ±os is a brilliant and bitterly satiric account of the inhabitants of hell. Other major works include the philosophical treatise Providencia de Dios, the political essay PolÃtica de Dios y gobierno de Cristo, and the picaresque novel La vida del BuscÃ³n. Quevedo was a determined opponent of culteranismo, a style of writing characterized by what?