The first bicycle, probably created by the German Baron Karl de Drais de Sauerbrun in the early 1800s, was a form of hobby-horse that was propelled by the rider's feet pushing against the ground. The first treadle-propelled cycle was designed by the Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan around 1839. By the end of the 19th century, bicycles had wire wheels, metal frames, and pneumatic tires. What did 19th century suffragists and feminists call the bicycle?
Back in the day
On this day in 1957, Arkansas Governor Orville Faubus ordered the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock. This act defied the US Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, which called for the racial desegregation of public schools. President Eisenhower responded by sending federal troops to enforce integration and protect the students. How did Faubus and the Arkansas State Legislature respond to the President's actions?
Born on a day like today
Chateaubriand was a French political leader, diplomat, and writer, and is considered the Father of French Romanticism. His RenÃ©, an autobiographical novella and tragic love story, exemplifies the characteristically evocative language of romantic fiction. Exiled during the Reign of Terror, Chateaubriand returned to France during Napoleon's reign, and was appointed to a variety of political positions over the next 27 years. During his exile in London, how did Chateaubriand support himself?