" Never waste jealousy on a real man: it is the imaginary man that supplants us all in the long run. "
George Bernard Shaw

Back in the day


Henry IV of France Converts to Catholicism

Henry the IV of France was the first of the Bourbon kings of France, reigning from 1589 until his death. A Protestant, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion before his accession to the throne. He then converted to Catholicism, allegedly explaining his pragmatic philosophy with the statement, "Paris is worth a mass." He signed the Edict of Nantes granting political rights to Protestants and ruled as one of the most popular French kings. Who assassinated him in 1610?




Pointillism, a postimpressionist school of painting exemplified by Georges Seurat and his followers in late 19th-century France, is characterized by the application of paint in small dots and brush strokes. These distinct points of primary colors create the visual effect of a wide selection of secondary colors, relying heavily on the viewer's perceptive ability to mix the color spots into a full range of tones. The technique is analogous to the color production of what modern devices?

Born on a day like today


Afonso I of Portugal

Afonso I was the first King of Portugal. He spent his life in almost ceaseless fighting against the kings of León and Castile. In 1139, after successfully defeating the Moors in the battle of Ourique, his soldiers proclaimed him king. In 1147, he took the city of Santarém by surprise attack and captured Lisbon as well. In 1143, Afonso placed his lands under papal protection and secured Castilian recognition of his title, which was confirmed by which pope?

Last updated on Wednesday, 25th July 2007

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