Apartheid was a system of racial segregation enforced in South Africa for almost 50 years that was legally abolished in the early 1990s. Apartheid served not only to separate whites from non-whites, but also non-white groups from one another. The 1959 Sharpeville Massacre, in which police officers opened fire on unarmed protesters, killing 69 and injuring 186, was a major turning point in public opinion of South African apartheid. What does the word apartheid mean in Afrikaans?
Back in the day
Mary Stuart was Queen of Scotland from 1542-1567. Though she was Roman Catholic, she accepted the establishment of the Presbyterian Church. After Mary's husband, Lord Darnley, was murdered and she was implicated in the plot, she was forced to abdicate. Mary fled to England, where she stood trial and became a prisoner of the English government. When a Catholic conspiracy attempting to put her on the throne of England was uncovered, she was executed. At what age did Mary become Queen?
Born on a day like today
BolÃ$was a South American revolutionary leader. He earned the title of "El Libertador" for defeating the Spanish in a string of stunning victories from 1813 to 1824, effectively ending Spanish control over what are now Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador. How did BolÃ$die?