" If there is anything disagreeable going on men are always sure to get out of it. "
Jane Austen

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History

Mont Blanc Tunnel Linking France and Italy Opens

This tunnel is located in the Alps between France and Italy, near Mont Blanc ("white mountain"). It is 7.25 miles (11.6 kilometers) long and 28.2 ft (8.6 meters) wide. It is a major trans-Alpine transport route, particularly for Italy, which relies on the tunnel for shipping as much as one-third of its freight to northern Europe. A disastrous fire lasting two days and reaching temperatures of 1,000° Celsius (1,832°F) killed 39 people there in 1999. What caused the fire?

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The CIA

Established in 1947, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an independent executive bureau of the US government. Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons, and reporting such information to the various branches of government. Congress placed restraints on its activities in the early 1970s, when reports that it had engaged in assassinations and domestic spying surfaced. When were many of these restraints removed?

Born on a day like today

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Trygve Lie

In 1946, Trygve Lie, a Norwegian politician, became the first UN Secretary General. His role required that he take an active part in a variety of negotiations, and he incurred the enmity of the USSR by supporting UN action in the Korean War. His critics have argued that he was under the influence of a select few in the UN Secretariat and was, at times, blinded by arrogance and stubbornness. What was the impetus for his resignation?

Last updated on Monday, 16th July 2007

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