" I would rather be a coward than brave because people hurt you when you are brave. "
E. M. Forster

Back in the day


Hugh Capet Crowned King of France

Capet, son of Hugh the Great, was king of France from 987-996. He was the first of the Capetians, the royal house that ruled France until 1328. After the death of the Carolingian king of France, the nobles and prelates elected him king, setting aside the Carolingian claimant, Charles I; Hugh spent much of his reign fighting Charles. He later became involved in a controversy with the papacy over the deposition of the Carolingian archbishop of Reims. What title did French kings use at the time?



Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI), the use of computers to model the behavioral aspects of human reasoning and learning, has captured global interest for years. Cybernetics, one area of AI study, is the analysis of the communication and control processes of biological organisms and their relationship to mechanical and electrical systems; advances in this area could lead to “thinking” robots. In science fiction, AI is often portrayed attempting to overthrow human authority. What is "the Singularity"?

Born on a day like today


Franz Kafka

Despite the fact that he published only a few short stories during his lifetime, Kafka is regarded as one of the most influential 20th-century writers. In prose remarkable for its clarity and precision, Kafka presents a world that is at once real and dreamlike and in which individuals burdened with guilt, isolation, and anxiety make a futile search for personal salvation under the crushing weight of bureaucracy. What happened to Kafka's unpublished works after his death?

Last updated on Tuesday, 3rd July 2007

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