Amnesty International is a human-rights organization founded in 1961 by Englishman Peter Benenson. It campaigns internationally against the detention of prisoners of conscience, for the fair trial of political prisoners, to abolish the death penalty and torture of prisoners, and to end extrajudicial executions and "disappearances." It was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977. Its official symbol, a candle surrounded by barbed wire, was inspired by what Chinese proverb?
Back in the day
When he was almost 70 years old, Galileo was summoned to Rome, tried by the Inquisition, and forced to "abjure, curse, and detest" his work that stated that the sun was the center of the universe. He complied, but was nonetheless convicted on "grave suspicion of heresy" and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1992, Pope John Paul II established a commission that ultimately issued an apology. What did the pope conclude about the 17th c. theologians that had tried Galileo?
Born on a day like today
Vancouver was an English navigator and explorer who sailed on Cook's 2nd and 3rd voyages. In 1791, he set out for the NW coast of America traveling east. He rounded the Cape of Good Hope, explored the coasts of Australia and New Zealand, and visited Tahiti and the Hawaiian Islands. He then reached the NW coast of America and explored and surveyed it for 3 years. In the course of his journeys, he circumnavigated the island that now bears his name. In what year did he arrive back in England?