Ignatius was a Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits, a religious order noted for its tradition of learning, science, and foreign missionary work. He was of noble birth but left his courtly life to enter the army and was wounded defending the town of Pamplona. While recovering, he was converted through reading a life of Jesus; thereafter, he devoted his life to a spirituality characterized by emphasis on human initiative. His Spiritual Exercises are grouped according to what?
Back in the day
The Jardin des Plantes, the main botanical garden in France, is situated on the left bank of the river Seine and covers 28 hectares (280,000 mÂ²). The garden is home to the MusÃ©um National d'Histoire Naturelle, France's museum of natural history, as well as an elaborate rose garden, numerous hothouses, and an alpine garden that features 3,000 different species. The Jardin des Plantes, originally called the Jardin du Roi, was first planted in 1626 by Louis XIII's physician. What was its purpose?
Born on a day like today
Garland was an American film actress considered by many to be one of the greatest singing stars of Hollywood's Golden Era of musical film. She began her career singing in her father's theater at age four and later toured in vaudeville. In 1939, she played Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz and starred in numerous other movies and musicals. Her untimely death and personal tragedies have come to represent the pitfalls of stardom. A US postage stamp honoring her was issued in what year?