A rickshaw is a small, two-wheeled carriage that is usually drawn by one person. The first rickshaws appeared in Japan around 1868 and became a popular mode of transportation because human labor was considerably cheaper than that of horses. Rickshaws were mainly used in Asia, but nowadays they are outlawed in many places and have been replaced by cycle and auto rickshaws. What is the origin of the carriage's name?
Back in the day
The establishment of a permanent US Navy came with the authorization to build six frigates in 1794. Three of these were welcomed into service soon thereafter and distinguished themselves in the War of 1812 by unexpectedly defeating British Royal Navy forces several times. The US Navy currently has nearly 500,000 personnel on active duty or in the Navy Reserve and operates 278 ships in active service and more than 4,000 aircraft. What role did naval power play in the Civil War?
Born on a day like today
Pearson was an English scientist. In 1911, he became professor of eugenics at the University of London and director of the eugenics laboratory. A disciple of Francis Galton, he applied statistical methods to the study of biological problems, especially evolution and heredity, in a science he called biometrics. He founded the extant journal Biometrika in 1911. Today, Pearson's views on eugenics are considered deeply racist; why?