The boll weevil is a beetle that feeds on bolls, the seed-bearing capsules of cotton plants. Probably of Mexican or Central American origin, the boll weevil appeared in Texas about 1892, spread to most cotton-growing regions of the US, and eventually became responsible for the destruction of about 8% of the nation's annual cotton crop. Eradication programs begun in the 1980s have proven successful in many states. Why did the citizens of Enterprise, Alabama, erect a monument to the pest in 1919?
Back in the day
Monroe married baseball star DiMaggio after a two-year courtship that captivated America. The marriage lasted just 274 days, collapsing amid reports of her infidelity and his violence and jealousy, but the two became close again after Monroe divorced Arthur Miller. When Monroe was found dead in August, 1962, it was DiMaggio who claimed her body and arranged her funeral. For twenty years after her death, DiMaggio had a bouquet of roses delivered to her crypt three times a week.
Born on a day like today
Albert Schweitzer was a German-born theologian, philosopher, musician, and physician who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952 and whose important principle of "Reverence for Life" won many converts. The principle stated that Western civilization had strayed too far from the concept of respect for life that had fueled the social and ethical triumphs of the Age of Enlightenment. An organist to boot, he interpreted the music of what important composer?