Maximilian was a member of Austria's Imperial Habsburg family who, with the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican conservatives, was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico in 1864. Many Mexicans and foreign governments refused to recognize his government and Maximilian was executed after his capture by Mexican republicans. Whom did Maximilian and his wife adopt and intend to groom as heir to the throne?
Back in the day
The Wounded Knee Massacre was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the US. After the death of Sitting Bull, a band of Sioux, led by Big Foot, fled into the badlands, where they were captured by the 7th Cavalry on Dec. 28, 1890. On Dec. 29, the Sioux were ordered disarmed. During the tension that ensued, a weapon discharged, US troops opened fire, and within minutes almost 200 men, women, and children were dead. Wounded Knee was responsible for the decline of what movement?
Born on a day like today
Goodyear was the inventor of vulcanization, a process that makes rubber harder, less soluble, and more durable. It is at the heart of rubber compounding, which played a key role at the onset of the Industrial Revolution. Goodyear obtained a patent for vulcanization in 1844, but died deep in debt in 1860. He had no official connection to the famous Goodyear Tire Company, which was founded after his death and named in his honor. He describes the circumstances attending his discovery in what book?