This term is used to designate obstructionist tactics in legislative assemblies. It has particular reference to the US Senate, where the tradition of unlimited debate is very strong. It was not until 1917 that the Senate provided for cloture, or ending of the debate, by a vote of two thirds of the Senators present. Yet, despite many attempts, cloture has been applied only rarely. In the 17th century the term "filibuster" was applied to whom?
Back in the day
Korea was partitioned into two halves following WWII, when a US and USSR joint commission failed to come to a satisfactory compromise, and arbitration by the UN favoring the US was rejected by the USSR. Today, South Korea is Western-leaning and has developed in the direction of liberal democracy, while North Korea is a Communist state, often referred to as Stalinist. Korea was originally divided along what line of latitude that cuts across Asia, the Mediterranean, and the US?
Born on a day like today
Kepler was a German astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he derived the famous Laws of Planetary Motion, which state that the planets move around the Sun in ellipses, not circles. He is known variously as the first theoretical astrophysicist and the last scientific astrologer. When Kepler was five years old, his mother, who was later tried for witchcraft, took him to observe what?