The lyre is a stringed instrument of the harp family having two curved arms connected at the upper end by a crossbar. The strings are stretched between the crossbar and the sound box and are plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum. In ancient Greece, lyres were associated with the Apollonian virtues of moderation and equilibrium, contrasting with Dionysian pipes, which represented what?
Back in the day
Adolf Eichmann was a high-ranking Nazi official who oversaw the maltreatment, deportation, and murder of millions of Jews during World War II. He promoted the use of gas chambers for the mass extermination of Jews in concentration camps and is considered to be largely responsible for the logistics of the Final Solution, which was the Nazi policy to exterminate millions of people. At the end of World War II, Eichmann went into hiding. How was he captured?
Born on a day like today
Haber was a German chemist instrumental in the development of poison gas during World War I. Although he defended gas warfare against accusations that it was inhumane, his wife is thought to have committed suicide in protest to his work. Following the Nazi rise to power in 1933, Haber was exiled from Germany for being Jewish, despite his conversion and service in World War I. What prize did he receive in 1918 for his contribution to the development of the Haber process?