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Back in the day


13th Amendment to US Constitution is Ratified

The 13th Amendment to the US Constitution completed the abolition of slavery, which had begun with Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. By December 6, 1865, 27 out of 36 states had ratified the 13th Amendment, starting with the state of Illinois. It was not until 1995, however, that the last of the 36, Mississippi, ratified it. Offenses against the 13th Amendment were being prosecuted as late as what year?



Porgy and Bess

George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess is an opera that tells the story of Porgy, a crippled black man living in the slums of Charleston, SC, and his attempts to rescue Bess from the clutches of Crown, her pimp, and Sportin' Life, a drug dealer. From the outset, the opera attracted criticism from those who considered it racist. Which song from the show is one of the most popular cover songs in popular music, with an estimated 2,500 different versions recorded?

Born on a day like today


Kamal Jumblatt

Jumblatt was an important Lebanese philosopher and politician who held ranking positions in government for 25 years and was the traditional leader of the Druze community. He favored social programs, opposed the influence of the West, and was an ally of Egypt, supporting the Pan-Arab movement. With multiple degrees in a variety of fields, he was extremely literate and wrote more than 1200 editorials in both Arabic and French. Who was suspected in his 1977 assassination?

Last updated on Wednesday, 6th December 2006

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