" Democracy is a form of government that substitutes election by the incompetent many for appointment by the corrupt few. "
George Bernard Shaw

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China Adopts its Current Constitution

The Constitution of the People's Republic replaced China's three previous state constitutions. The common Western belief is that China's Constitution is subordinate to the Communist Party, but, formally, the reverse is true. Critics argue, however, that the party maintains overwhelming control through its power to appoint key officials. Much of the Constitution is modeled after the 1936 Constitution of the Soviet Union, but there are some significant differences; what are these?




Hadith is the collection of the traditions of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam. Hadith consists of two branches, the first concerned with the validation of the individual traditions through the process of examination of its chain of transmitters back to the Prophet, and the second concentrating on the actual content of the traditions as a source of religious authority. What are the differences between the Hadith accepted by Sunni Muslims and that accepted by Shiite Muslims?

Born on a day like today


Wassily Kandinsky

Russian-born painter and art theorist Kandinsky was one of the 20th century's most important artists, credited with painting the first abstract works in the history of modern art. He was the founder of the German Expressionist group The Blue Rider, and he wrote "On the Spiritual in Art" to champion ideas about color and nonrepresentational painting that he had developed after coming in contact with neoimpressionism and fauvism. Where did he begin teaching in the early 1920s?

Last updated on Monday, 4th December 2006

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